Section E details the outcomes being sought for you child. Outcomes are the effect of the provision in section F and should also relate to the aspirations written in section A. There should be a range of outcomes over varying timescales, covering education, health and social care.
The outcomes should not only be about how your child will progress in their learning, but also about preparing them well for adulthood (1). The EHCP can also include wider outcomes like making positive social relationships.
Outcomes should be personal, something that your child can have control and influence over. They do not need to be formal or linked to qualifications. They should be ‘SMART’ (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time bound) and describe the expected benefit of the provision specified in section F (2).
Wording such as: ‘will develop an understanding’ is not SMART. ‘Will’ is sometime in the future, rather than being time-bound. Attending a single lesson could mean that your child has ‘developed’, and how would ‘understanding’ be measured?
‘Sam will be able to use Assistive Technology to independently produce written work by the end of Key Stage 3’ is an example of a SMART outcome. The provision in section F would be the laptop/tablet, with appropriate software and teaching how to use it. Sam may have some study skills teaching too. It is also likely that this outcome is important to Sam, because Sam may have been frustrated and getting into trouble. Sam’s self-esteem may also have improved.
Long term aspirations are not outcomes. You child’s long-term aspiration might be paid employment, but the local authority does not have a duty make this happen, only to identify your child’s needs and provision, to help them succeed.
There should be forward plans for key changes in a child or young person’s life, such as changing schools, moving from children’s to adult care, or moving on from college to adulthood. From Year 9 onwards, the nature of the outcomes will reflect the need to ensure young people are preparing for adulthood.
For young people aged over 17, the Education, Health and Care plan (EHCP) should identify clearly which outcomes are education and training outcomes. It is the education and training outcomes which determine if your child’s EHCP should continue or be ceased (3) (rather than health or social care outcomes).
1 Special Educational Needs and Disability Code of Practice 2015, s9.64
2 Special Educational Needs and Disability Code of Practice 2015, s9.66
3 Special Educational Needs and Disability Code of Practice 2015, s9.69